The net effect is to increase the likelihood that new information is retained in long-term memory.
A type of rehearsal in which a person actively tries to tie new information to pre-existing information already in long-term memory.
The global score is derived from standardized intelligence tests.
The age given at which a child is currently performing intellectually.
The single most important processing ability is.
are stimulus–response associations.
Results from the consequences of the act itself define
Two approaches to learning are classical and operant conditioning.
The sudden recognition of relationships among elements of a problem is referred to as.
Being agents of our own actions requires three things:
interference is the theory of forgetting in which more recent information gets in the way of trying to recall older.
The type of imitative behavior resulting in either the appearance of previously acquired deviant behavior.
reinforcers: stimuli that are naturally rewarding for an organism.
A pleasing or positive stimulus is given and consequently, the probability that the behavior will be repeated is increased.
Spontaneous recovery is classical conditioning-related behavior referring to the rapid re-emergence of a previously extinguished behavior.
A muscular, glandular, or mental reaction to a stimulus.
reinforcers: stimuli that may not be reinforcing initially but that eventually become reinforcing as a function of having been associated with other reinforcers.
A concentrated mental effort that functions as a filter to ignore unimportant events and focus on important events.
Theories are concerned with objective evidence of behavior rather than with consciousness and mind.
The process of repeatedly introducing new information in order to retain the information in short-term memory, or to introduce it into long-term memory.
reinforcement: reinforcement to increase a behavior in the future that comes from an internal source
A stimulus that elicits an automatic, unlearned response from an organism
Contemporary models tend to fall into two general categories: Theories as a causal mechanism, distinguishing between automatic and controlled processes, and theories as a consequence of other processes.
Which is an example of extrinsic reinforcement?
are defined as complex unlearned, behaviors.
theory of forgetting suggests most forgetting is the result of an interaction between new and previously learned information, leading either to a failure to learn new material, or a forgetting of past material.
Bandura’s theory involves learning through observing and imitating models.
Stimulus involves making different responses to highly similar stimuli.
rate: rate of learning
is defined as a general term for student-centered approaches to teaching, such as discovery-oriented approaches, reciprocal learning, or cooperative
Operant conditioning is closely associated with which scientist?
reinforcement: reinforcement to increase a behavior in the future that comes from an external source
Which of these is NOT a type of conditioning?
Discovery learning is an approach to teaching in which the acquisition of new knowledge comes about largely through the learner’s own efforts.
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