Download New Liberty University CCOU 202 Quiz 1-Midterm


Download New Liberty University CCOU 202 Quiz 1 Midterm

  1. According to the idea of “ethical and moral relativism,” it is assumed that there are universal standards that what is right and wrong never varies, not even to factors such as the situation, the culture, and one’s personal point of view.
  2. Diversity is all of the following except
  3. According to the text, the MMPI-2 (Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory) has been found to over-pathologize individuals of ________ descent, which speaks to “test bias.”
  4. Studies show that counselors will benefit from just attending continuing education conferences without having to apply the information.
  5. Competence can best be described as
  6. Which of the following refers to the degree to which individuals and families adopt elements from the new culture and maintain elements from their culture of origin?
  7. Although not technically held to the same standard as professional therapists, noncertified pastoral counselors, and lay counselors
  8. Adair (1992) stressed the need for lay counselors to take and keep good records as part of the supervision process. According to the text, it is recommended that records should be
  9. According to the text, lay counselors can use terms such as “psychologists” and “psychotherapy” to refer to who they are and what they do.
  10. According to the text, guidelines that are narrower in scope have been designed to inform practice with specific populations including which of the following?
  11. In addition to the ethical codes generated by professional organizations, a number of clinical guidelines for practice have been developed. One example of this is the APA’s “Guidelines on Multicultural Education, Training, Research, Practice, and Organizational Change for Psychologists.”
  12. According to Pope, Sonne, and Holroyd (1993), one area of discussion that has traditionally been lacking in ethics training is that of
  13. The author encourages Christian mental health professionals to become actively involved in a support group of only Christian therapists to increase their knowledge and expertise.
  14. Which of the following is a teaching method identified by the authors in teaching students in the area of ethics?
  15. Becker’s (1987) article covering the main legal and ethical considerations pertinent to the paraprofessional or lay counselor in the church context emphasizes which of the following?
  16. One can expect that academic and practical preparation can guarantee competence and can safely leave it to the judgments of professional licensing or credentialing bodies.
  17. Becker (1987) emphasizes that freedom of client choice or informed consent requires the lay counselor to provide
  18. To date, the author provides evidence for religious/spiritual interventions’ effectiveness, showing that they outperform secular approaches.
  19. The Christian narrative has a dramatic arc that unfolds according to the text. Which of the following is not one of these areas?
  20. Which of the following organizations has an inclusion of the need to “understand the challenges of accepting gifts from clients and recognize that in some cultures, small gifts are a token of respect and showing gratitude?”
  21. Smith and Cahill (2000) refer to Zephaniah’s vision of the nations as being described as which of the following?
  22. For Christians in the mental health profession, it may be useful to consider some explicitly Christian ideals that seem pertinent to the ethical practice of psychotherapy and counseling. Which of the following is not one of these?
  23. Spanish and McMinn (1996) suggest all of the following guidelines for assessing the competence of lay Christian counselors except?
  24. Competence in the helping professions is easy to define and even easier to assess according to the author.
  25. All of the following are types of dual relationships that therapists of faith can encounter throughout their careers except
  26. In addition to aspirational ideals, codes of ethics also include what are called ________________. These are the rules and regulations that are sufficiently focused and specific to use as standards of practice, and that can be enforced when a clinician is judged to have broken them.
  27. With regard to the supervision of lay counselors, it is recommended that they be supervised by a
  28. Which of the following is considered a challenge for any Christian mental health professional that must be coupled with genuine wisdom and humanness?
  29. This philosophical basis for determining what constitutes ethical behavior focuses on the essence of the act itself and defines some acts as good and others as bad.
  30. Absolutism is the position that there are exceptions to moral rules or ethical principles.
  31. One of the most elaborated rationales for attending to diversity is contained in the
  32. In 1992, Welfel conducted a review of the literature relevant to ethics education. What did she conclude as a particular area in training that was systematically lacking?
  33. Which of the following is recognized as one of the statements on professional ethics recognized by The Christian Association for Psychological Studies (CAPS)?
  34. Smith & Cahill (2000) examined the creation narrative and concluded that which of the following was part of God’s good creation from the very beginning?
  35. Kitchener (1984) identified five moral ideals that are foundational to many mental health codes. Which of the following is not one of them?
  36. Becker (1987) warns lay counselors to avoid which of the following high-risk situations, due to the possibility of being sued for malpractice?
  37. The author talks about the importance of Christian mental health professionals to establish a strong link with a local church. This is essential because the church
  38. It is important for clinicians to
  39. Which of the following are components of a good training program for lay counselors, according to the text?
  40. The particular ethical guideline of dual relationships cannot be applied clearly to lay, counselors, because many of them are involved in peer or friendship counseling.
  41. Worthington (1987) emphasized the need for supervisors to stress what friends and laypeople do well in helping one another such as
  42. While there is a basic respect for the ethical codes, Koocher and Keith-Spiegel (2008) point out that there are still a number of reasons why a therapist might behave unethically. Below are all reasons except
  43. According to the text, the literature on ethical and legal issues related specifically to lay counselor training and ministry is more limited.
  44. Which of the following is not a truth for those in the helping profession?
  45. The position of the author on psychotherapy and Christian ethics is that
  46. In a sense of the term that moves well beyond professional ethics, ethics can also be understood as specific ideals or behavioral prescriptions that are either applicable to people in general or obligatory for Christians in particular.
  47. When most people envision counseling, they are likely to think about __________, but the process also invariably involves ____________.
  48. Currently, there are no restraints on the title, “Christian mental health professional.”
  49. McMinn and Meek (1997) surveyed the ethical beliefs and behaviors of nine hundred members of the American Association of Christian Counselors. The researchers’ conclusion was that the majority of the sample of Christian mental health professionals
  50. McMinn and Meek (1996) have observed that personal distress commonly precedes unethical relationships.


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